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City of Alexandria, VA City of Alexandria, VA
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Page updated Aug 29, 2007 3:52 PM
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ZONING DIGEST

PARKING AND LOADING REQUIREMENTS

Required Parking¹ ²

USE

PARKING REQUIRED
Residential:
Single, Two and Townhouse Dwellings³2 spaces/unit

Multifamily Dwellings:
Efficiency and one bedroom unit1.3 spaces/unit
Two bedroom unit1.75 spaces/unit
Three bedroom or larger unit2.20 spaces/unit

Roominghouses³by special use permit

Institutional:
Churches1 space/5 auditorium seats or 1 space/10 classroom seats (whichever is greater)

Community buildings, Fraternal Organizations, Civic Clubs, and Lodges1 space/200 sq. ft.
Homes for the Elderly³1 space/2 units plus 1 space/2 guest rooms
Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Sanitariums,and Convalescent Homes1 space/2 patient beds
Libraries, Museums and similar uses1 space/200 sq. ft.

Schools
Elementary1 space/25 classroom seats
High School1 space/10 classroom seats
Nursery or Day Nursery2 spaces/classroom
Commercial School (secretarial,conservatories, art and craft)1 space/2 seats

Commercial:
Amusement Enterprise
Indoor1 space/200 sq.ft. floor area
Outdoor1 space/400 sq.ft. lot area

Auto Service Station1 space/gas pump

Central Business DistrictSee page 42

Hotels¹1 space/guest room plus 1 space/15 guest rooms (for employees)

Hotels in parking district #10.7 space/room plus 1 space/ 8 restaurant or meeting room seats

Medical and Dental Clinics1 space/200 sq.ft.

Non-Retail Uses (personal service shops, equipment and repair businesses, and other non-retail uses)1 space/400 sq.ft.

Office¹ (commercial, governmental and professional)See Table II

RetailSee Table I

Theatres, Auditoriums, Assembly Halls and Restaurants³1 space/4 seats

Tourist Homes1 space/2 guest rooms

Industrial:

See Section 8-200(A)(19) and (20) of the Zoning Ordinance.

Other:

For uses not listed, use requirement of most similiar listed use.

NOTES:

  1. For a detailed description of when off-street parking is required or how to obtain a reduction in required parking, see Sec. 8-100 (Off-Street Parking Required) and Sec. 8-200(F) (Prior Existing Buildings and Structures) of the Zoning Ordinance.
  2. Required parking shall not apply to waterfront properties included in the land title settlements with the U.S. government. See Zoning Ordinance Sec. 8-500 for properties included under the Waterfront Parking Exemption.
  3. See Zoning Ordinance for additional restrictions that may apply.

TABLE I
RETAIL USES

TOTAL FLOOR AREA (SQ. FT. PER FLOOR)
REQUIRED PARKING (PARKING SPACE PER SQ. FT. FLOOR AREA)
GROUND FLOOR PARKING DISTRICTS
OTHER FLOORS PARKING DISTRICTS
NOT LESS THANNOT MORE THAN1&623,4&51&623,4&5
----1,500>>1/2001.1/2001.2/2001/3001.1/3001.2/300
1,5005,000>>1/2101.1/2101.2/2101/3101.1/3101.2/310
5,00020,000>>1/2201.1/2201.2/2201/3201.1/3201.2/320
20,000---->>1/2301.1/2301.2/2301/3301.1/3301.2/330

TABLE II
OFFICE BUIDLINGS

PARKING DISTRICTS
REQUIRED PARKING (SPACES PER SQ.FT. FLOOR AREA)
1
2
3
4
5
6
>>1/5001/4501/4751/4751/4751/600
MINIMUM CAR POOL SET ASIDE = 5%
SEE SEC. 8-200(A)(18)(b) OF ZONING ORDINANCE FOR CAR POOL PARKING REQUIREMENT

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

Within the Central Business District (CBD), parking and loading areas are not required for the following uses when located on a parcel or contiguous parcels of land of 10,000 square feet or less which existed on or before 6-28-83:

  • automobile service stations
  • industrial warehouse buildings
  • medical or dental clinics
  • non-retail uses (including personal service establishments)
  • office buildings
  • retail uses
  • schools

Restaurants in the CBD located within the area of the Old Town Small Area Plan are subject to the "Old Town Restaurant Policy" (Council Resolution #1672). Restaurants in the CBD not located within this area are currently exempt from required parking, however, special use permit approval for a restaurant in this area may require the provision of adequate off-street parking.

Valet parking to an off-street parking facility is permitted in the CBD with special use permit approval.

NOTES:

  1. See Zoning Ordinance Sec. 8-400 for a full description of the parking requirements for this area.
  2. Valet parking as required parking permitted subject to provisions in Sec. 8-400(C) of the Zoning Ordinance.

KING STREET METRO PARKING DISTRICT¹

Office Uses1 space / 530 sq.ft. by right 1 space / 665 sq.ft. with parking study

Single-Family, Two-Family, Townhouse and Multi-Family Dwellings1 space / unit

Retail and Service (freestanding)1 space / 500 sq.ft.

Restaurants (freestanding) required for carryout1 space / 10 seats; none

Auto Service Stations1 space / service bay;
1 space / employee for self service

Hotels0.7 space / guest room

Amusement Enterprises1 space / 200 sq.ft.

Ancillary Retail, Restaurant or sq.ft. of Amusement Enterprise uses 1,000 square (in Office Building or Hotel)None require for first 10,000 restaurant or retail, or for first feet of amusement enterprises, if not greater than 25% total floor area of office or hotel. 1 space / 1,000 sq.ft. of such uses above the 25%.


NOTES:

  1. See Zoning Ordinance Sec. 8-400 for a full description of the parking requirements for this area.
  2. Valet parking as required parking permitted subject to provisions in Sec. 8-400(C) of the Zoning Ordinance.

DESIGN OF PARKING SPACES AND FACILITIES

(1) DIMENSIONS

Minimum dimensions for off-street parking spaces and off-street parking aisles shall be as shown in the table below. Such requirement shall not apply to specially approved attendant-operated parking facilities, including those used for valet parking.

Parking AngleStall Width (Feet)Depth of Stalls Perpendicular to Aisle (Feet)One-Way Aisle Width (Feet)Two-Way Aisle Width (Feet)
45°8.519.016.0¹20.0¹
60°8.520.016.0¹20.0¹
90°9.018.522.022.0
8.0 (compact)16.0 (compact)20.0 (compact)²20.0¹ (compact)
Parallel8.022.012.0¹20.0
7.0 (compact)18.0 (compact)16.0 (where adjacent to building)

Notes:

  1. May require increase to accommodate emergency vehicle access.
  2. Director of T&ES and Fire Marshal may, under special circumstances, reduce the aisle width by up to two feet for an aisle serving not more than 30 parking spaces.

(2) COMPACT CAR SPACES

Non-retail uses requiring ten or more off-street parking spaces may provide up to 75 percent of such parking as compact car parking spaces.

Retail uses requiring two or more off-street parking spaces may provide up to 30 percent of such parking as compact car parking spaces.

See Sec. 8-200(E) of the Zoning Ordinance for additional details involving compact car parking.

(3) SURFACE TREATMENT, DRAINAGE AND MAINTENANCE

Driveways and parking spaces shall be smoothly graded, adequately drained and constructed with suitable subgrade, base and surfacing to be durable under the use and maintenance contemplated.

Any grade transitions shall be designed and constructed to prevent undercarriage and bumper guards from scraping the pavement surface.

Such parking facilities shall be property maintained and aisles shall remain open and free for traffic flow.

(4) STRIPING OF SPACES

Each parking space shall be separated with proper striping, or other designation approved by the Department of Planning and Community Development.

(5) ACCESS

Means of ingress and egress shall be constructed in accordance with prevailing City standards and remain unobstructed at all times.

Such facilities shall be constructed so that no part of parked vehicles will extend beyond the parking space so as to obstruct walkways, sidewalks, streets and alleys.

See Section 8-200(A)(5) of the Zoning Ordinance regarding restrictions involving access to all parking.

LOCATION OF REQUIRED PARKING FACILITIES

USELOCATION

Single family and Two Family DwellingsSame lot as dwelling

Multifamily DwellingsSame lot as main building lot or on lot separate from main building lot by an alley or minor local street

Commercial or Industrial UsesMaximum 500 feet from nearest corner of lot containing use to the nearest usable portion of lot used for parking; provided such parking is in an area zoned commercial or industrial.

All Other UsesSame lot as main building or on immediately contiguous lot; or within 300 feet of main building lot with special use permit approval

LOADING SPACE REQUIREMENTS

USESPACES REQUIRED

Manufacturing
1 space/20,000 sq.ft.*

Storage
" "

Warehouse
" "

Goods Display
" "

Retail Store
" "

Wholesale Business
" "

Hotel
" "

Hospital
" "

Laundry/Dry Cleaning
" "

Other uses receiving/distributing materials and merchandise by vehicles
" "

* Not applicable to buildings containing less than 2,500 square feet of floor area.

GENERAL STANDARDS

(1) Minimum Size of Loading Space:

Width: 12 feet

Height: 14.5 feet

Length: Sufficient to accommodate largest delivery truck expected to serve the use, but no less than 25 feet

(2) Surface Treatment: Bituminous or other dust-free surface

(3) If loading berths front on public street, no trucks in such berths shall be allowed to project onto sidewalk or street.

(4) The above loading requirements shall not apply to buildings erected or occupied prior to 6/25/63, unless there is an increase in floor area of more than 33 percent.

NOTE:

FOR A FULL DESCRIPTION OF THE PARKING AND LOADING REGULATIONS, REFER TO ARTICLE VII (OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING) OF THE ZONING ORDINANCE.