City of Alexandria, VA
Statistics and Demographics
Census 2010 Data and Maps
The first data from Census 2010 for Alexandria was released on February 3, 2011. Citywide demographic profiles were released in May. Summary File 1, the major data release on the total population at the tract, block group and block level, was released on July 21, 2011. Additional maps and data at the citywide, tract and block level based on these releases will be linked or posted here as the data becomes available.
- Alexandria 2010 Census Data Profile. February, 2012. A profile of the city in 2010 prepared by city staff based on a variety of U.S. Census sources is now available for on-line viewing or downloading. Based on the 2010 U.S. Census, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-year average data by census tract, and the 2010 American Community Survey, the report includes comparisons to the City in 2000 and earlier, to surrounding areas including the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, and to the U.S as a whole. Data on population and race dating from the first U.S. Census in 1790 is included. The report outlines the important and continuing influence of the postwar baby boom on growth and change in the U.S. and the city. Recent changes in race and ethnicity within the city are mapped. The report includes data on income, education, housing tenancy, ancestry, commuting, disability, foreign-born population, geographic mobility, and many other characteristics that help define the Alexandria of today.
This 8-page table compares Census 2010 demographic profiles released in May, 2011 for Alexandria, Arlington County, Fairfax County, the Washington, D. C. metropolitan region, the state of Virginia, and the United States. Selected comparable data for Alexandria from the 2000 Census is also provided.
The data indicate that the City has grown about 9.1% in total population since 2000, consistent with the City's long-term growth of about 1% per year since 1960. The housing count indicates that the City's average household size has remained approximately constant since 2000.
The 2010 race and ethnicity data does not show dramatic changes in the city's overall racial and ethnic makeup since 2000. When viewed at the tract level, however, both the Hispanic and Black or African American populations have changed in their concentration and distribution within the city. The Hispanic population has grown about twice as fast as the citywide total, reaching 16.1% of the total in 2010. The Black and African American population has grown a little more than half as fast as the total, declining to 21.8% of the total in 2010. The Asian population has grown faster than the overall average, reaching 6% of the total in 2010.
While the number of vacant housing units and the vacancy rate show a significant increase from 2000, the City's vacancy rate varies cyclically between census periods, and was at an unusually low rate at the time of the 2000 Census. More than half of Alexandria's housing units are rentals, and the 5.9% vacancy rate observed at the time of the 2010 census is within the range of vacancy rates that is consistent with a healthy housing market in which units are generally available but not staying vacant for long periods of time.
This graph compares Alexandria's population in 5-year age groups with similar data for the United States, and for Alexandria in the year 2000. The data values for this graph are all found in the Comparative Demographic Profiles table listed just above.
The U.S. population profile (the gray bars in the graph) shows a population relatively evenly distributed among the 5-year age categories up through age 59, with only about one percentage point separating the largest and smallest groups. Between 6.4% and 7.4% of total population is in each if these groups nationwide.
Alexandria's age profile is dramatically different from the nationwide profile because of its central location within the Washington, D.C. metropolitan region, the nature of its housing stock because of that location, and and its relation to transportation corridors and employment centers:
Alexandria has approximately half the U.S. average share of population in the age 10 to 14 and 15 to 19 groups in middle and high-school years. Families with school-age children often choose more house and yard rather than proximity to employment, are unlikely to choose to locate in inner suburbs, and may even relocate out of places like Alexandria for this period of their lives. Alexandria's school-age population has declined as a percentage of the total population since 2000, though in absolute numbers, this age group has slightly increased.
The City has nearly double the typical share in the 25 to 29 and 30 to 34 year groups, which include singles and young families early in their careers when they tend to be renters, to relocate frequently with changes in income and household structure, and to locate near transportation corridors providing access to employment and urban activity centers. Typical of inner and middle suburbs in metropolitan areas, Alexandria has a greater share of rental housing than the national average, attracting this young and mobile population group.
A coming permanent shift to a new and stable age distribution in the United States. The percentage of total population in the over-70 group in Alexandria has declined since 2000, while the share in the 60-to-70 group has increased significantly. This change reflects the national population structure by age, as the initial group of post-World War II baby boomers reached age 65. Based on the almost uniform distribution of population among age groups in the U.S. below age 60, the aging of the population over the next 20 years will complete a lasting shift in the age distribution of the total population that began in the 1940s, and that should persist indefinitely unless modified by migration or significant (and not now anticipated) changes in mortality or fertility.
The City's age distribution should continue to reflect household market choices based on the City's location in the region. High prices for single-family homes combined with a large number of apartments and condominiums convenient to regional transportation will influence location choice. This combination is expected to continue to result in a relatively low share of school-age children, and a high share of young people and singles locating near employment and transportation corridors.
This table summarizes the first data release from the 2010 Census, the initial redistricting data for the City as a whole, and compares this data to similar data from the 2000 Census.
Census 2010 Maps
The maps linked below show the demographic structure of the City at the census tract, block group or block level, a finer resolution than the citywide tables. Data in the complete census is limited to the few questions on race, age, housing occupancy and household structure that were asked of all households in the complete census. For tables and maps showing data on income and poverty, commuting, health insurance, geographic mobility and many other characteristics, refer to the American Community Survey maps and data at the link above.
Age 65 and Older (PDF) Tabloid-size landscape-format map, 1:24,000 scale, showing number and percent of population 65 and older by census block.
Rental Housing (PDF) Tabloid-size landscape-format map, 1:24,000 scale, showing number of rental units and rentals as a percentage of all occupied units by census block.
Census 2010 Data Tables
Census 2010 Population and Households for Small Area Plan areas
. To create this table, each 2010 census block was assigned to the small area plan area in which the block centroid is located, and totals were calculated using GIS. Some census blocks may span more than one small area plan area, so statistics may not perfectly reflect the housing units and population within each plan area. For example, the Fairlington-Bradlee Small Area Plan area and its neighboring plan areas are not well separated by census block boundaries.
For additional maps and data from the 2010 Census, see the Census Data Presentations at the link at the top of this page.
Census 2010 Links
The links below are to summary data published by the Census Bureau and to the Census web site where individuals can download their own custom data requests.
- American Factfinder U.S. Census Bureau web site home page for Census 2010
The 2010 Census includes the most recent information for the City based on a complete count of all households in the City. This data is available citywide as well as by geographic subareas smaller than the City as a whole, including blocks, block groups, and census tracts. Only part of the 2010 Census data is available to date by geographic subareas of the City - limited racial and ethnic categories, and age by below-18 and 18 and over.
While the new version of Factfinder works, it's not the same as the previous version, and it can be frustrating to use at first. As an example, to access and download the City demographic and housing profile, do the following once you have opened the American Factfinder site:
Go to the "Quick Start" section in the center of the web page. Click in the entry box for "Geography" and enter Alexandria city, Virginia. The page will search for matching terms as you are typing, and when you see Alexandria city come up you can click on that entry if you wish to complete the entry.
Click "GO" to the right of the data entry box. This will bring up a new page with check boxes for all the data items that are available for Alexandria. They appear to be provided in chronological order by when they are released, with the most recent at the top. At the time this was prepared, the DP-1 data set, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, was the top item in the list.
Find DP-1 in the list, and click to turn on the check mark in the check box at DP-1.
Click View or Download at the top or bottom of the list.
If you click Download from this screen, your page will be downloaded as a Zip file in comma-delimited text format suitable for loading in data base applications including Excel.
If you click View from this screen, you will have a choice of download options once the data appears, including Excel and PDF formats.
Once you have viewed or downloaded your data set, you can go back to the search page (click on the "Back to Search" in the upper left) and change the geography of your search, or change the search item.
For information on how the City helped prepare for the Census, visit the link below describing the activities of the 2010 U.S. Census Alexandria Complete Count Committee.
For further information or assistance with census data for Alexandria, please contact Pat Mann, Urban Planner, at 703.746.3857.