Generally, the Judges of the Juvenile Court hear cases where allegations have been made concerning the following:
In Virginia, a child is defined as a person under 18 years of age.
Because much of the work of the Juvenile Court involves children, the Court has a legal duty to protect the confidentiality of many of its hearings. As such the general public is not permitted to be in the courtroom for many of the hearings that take place and is not normally permitted access to court records involving children. There are certain limited exceptions, mostly relating to allegations of serious delinquent acts by juveniles, where the Juvenile Court can release information to the public.