The General District Court has original jurisdiction in all misdemeanors (fines up to $2,500 or sentences up to twelve months in jail, or both); original and exclusive jurisdiction in civil cases involving $4,500 or less; and generally, concurrent jurisdiction with the 18th Circuit Court in claims involving $4,500 but not exceeding $25,000. The Court sits without a jury.
The Court also handles traffic and criminal cases, and preliminary hearings for any individual charged with a felony to determine if there is "probable cause." If "probable cause" is established, the accused is bound over to the Grand Jury. For information on traffic cases, call 703.746.4041; for civil cases, call 703.746.4021; and for criminal cases, call 703.746.4030.